Everest Base Camp (EBC) trek: All You Need to Know About
One of the most famous Trek in Nepal is Everest Base Camp Trek, famous for its fantastic mountain peaks and the beauty of the hills. Most places to this place go through ridges and trails, but you would have ample space to rest and have food on the way. And one of the best things about this place is that you don’t have to worry about getting lost since you can ask someone for the next town. The people here are friendly and offer help and support even to strangers. The people who live here are mostly pastors and understand English; Some also speak it fluently. The best time to explore this area is between March and May and between September and November. You can enjoy the tree and the bushes that bloom this season, with rhododendrons in particular. This adds spectacular colour and beauty to the environment. Many people do not prefer to come in winter since the weather is freezing and the snow can hinder their trekking experience. Under such circumstances, this would not be possible to go to higher altitudes. Not to mention that the nights can be freezing, and you should wear extra clothes to keep you warm. First things first: it’s not a climb! It is a walk, and for most parts, it is on mountain trails with gentle slopes. Yes, there are a couple of steep in trek, but it is not that difficult. No need for crampons, ropes or technical equipment or skills. It is a just a trek.
How much fitness do I have to trek to Everest base camp?
Well, you don’t need to live up to the marathon in any way, but of course, the more fitness you have, the better you’ll feel and the more you’ll enjoy the EBC trek. Simply if you are good in walking for 5 hours a day with a light backpack, then you should not have any fitness problems: of the 14 days, there are only a few who would walk for 5 hours. Most treks are done in the morning, and the noons are for relaxing and soaking up the atmosphere and culture of the incredible environments that you walk through. One thing that you cannot train for is the high altitude and can prevent people from reaching the base camp where there is 50% less oxygen, compared to sea level. The secret is to acclimatize well and to do so. It would be best if you took a slow pace, an excellent itinerary, slowly ascend to the altitude, rest, eat good food, sleep well and drink plenty of fluids. Actual distances from Lukla to Everest base camp can be covered much faster than we do, but that will make you sick. For this same reason, the walk is relaxed and, of course, pleasant.
Is it dangerous to trek to Everest base camp?
There are no dangers in hanging ropes, exposed ridges, etc. The only thing you need to keep in mind is the yaks that are used to carry people’s kit. They run quite fast along the trails, and it is known that they run into people and send them flying. They are incredible animals, and you will hear them coming by the sound of their bells, which is your signal for you to stay away from the road and always towards the top side of any slope. There is a good network of helicopters for the main trekking destinations in Nepal, and the Everest trail is very well covered in case of emergency during the trek to the Everest base camp.
Who can participate in the EBC Trek?
These are the fitness criteria that one has to meet to conquer this walk with us:
- Experience any high-altitude hike, at least one hike.
- The climber must be fit and have enough strength to cover 5 km away in 30 minutes without stress.
- The goods that carry the relevant reference point in this expedition, the climber must be able to carry a package of shipping bags of 10 to 15 kg.
- Heart problems, high blood pressure, asthma and epilepsy cannot be reconciled in this mission. The climber should not have these conditions mentioned above.
Trek to Everest Base Camp
Lukla’s walk to Phakding is gradual and has few ups and downs along the way. You would have a magnificent view of Kusum-Kanguru while crossing the short suspension bridge on the way. After a short climb, you would arrive at the village of Ghat and another hour and a half of gradual walk will take you to the village of Phakding. From Phakding, after crossing the Dudh-Koshi suspension bridge, the hike is easy and pleasant with a short climb uphill and downhill. You would pass the same river again. After here, you would finally reach the small river of Monjo. Monjo is located below the magnificent Thermasharkhu peak. Near this, you have the entrance to the Sagarmatha national park. At this point, your trekking permit is verified, and officials keep track of all hikers ahead. After a gradual walk, you would arrive at Namche Bazaar.
Namche Bazaar is an excellent place to buy and see magnificent views of the area. You would appreciate the look of Kwangde Peak and the sister peaks in the east. There is also a local museum that gives you a good detail of the history of the Himalayas, its geographical and cultural aspects, the history of mountaineering and other information about flora and fauna of the area.
After a pleasant 2-hour walk from Namche Bazar, you arrive at a small place in Shanasa. Here you can see the colourful pheasant Danphe, which is the national bird of Nepal and could also have the opportunity to see the musk- deer and even the Himalayan Thar, a mountain goat that looks similar to an antelope. In a gradual descent, you would reach the Imjatse river in Phungitenga, which is at an altitude of 3250 meters.
After you have to start the walk to Dingboche, the track crosses a forest that has trees such as birch, juniper, fir, rhododendron, etc. Through this forest you reach a lovely place which is Dingboche, which is in the height of 3,650 meters. This place gives you a superb view of the mountains like Ama Dablam, Everest, Nuptse and Lhotse. Vegetation extends throughout the town and farms and fields are found everywhere.
From Dingboche, the path deviates to the north, and the trail is gradual and comfortable for the first 40 to 50 minutes. From here, the path is a little further down towards the village of Pheriche, and you will have a beautiful view of the hills such as Tawache, Ama Dablam and Pokalde, which is approximately 5,741 meters north. It would have a pleasant walk for the next hour and a half or two from Pheriche until you reach the small tree-lined bridge over the Khumbu glacier river. From here, another 3 hours of challenging walking time will take you to Lobuche, which is located on a corner of the hill. Now you will be very close to your final destination. and you will have an adventure trip and a great trekking experience. As you progress on your journey, you can see the icy glacial ponds and icebergs that are located below the Khumbu glacier. After a few dunes of rocky moray eels and gradual walk downhill, you will reach Gorakshep.
After this, the trek to Everest Base Camp can be misleading among high-altitude trails, which is a strenuous climb. You must follow the Sherpa or leader as the tracks change every season due to the movement of the glaciers. But once you arrive at EBC after a total of 7 hours of walking, a great view of Khumbu icefall awaits you. After having walked to the EBC, prepared to climb to Kalapatthar. The walk to Kalapather from Gorakshep starts with a few minutes of easy walking, which is a steep climb for about 45 minutes. Post this exhausting and strenuous mountaineering experience. You would have the comfort of walking during the next hour, after which there is a steep walk to the top of Kalapatthar for about half an hour. Everest from this point looks closer than you imagine.
How to get to EBC?
Most major airlines such as Indian Airlines (www.indian-airlines.nic.in) Jet Airways (www.jetairways.com) operate daily flights to Kathmandu. Getting to Kathmandu by plane from New Delhi is the most convenient way.
Delhi to Kathmandu by Train + Bus
Day 1: You have to take a train from Delhi to Gorakhpur. The Vaishali Express leaves Delhi around 19:45 and arrives at the Gorakhpur crossing at 09:10 the next morning, or there is another train from New Delhi at 17:20 that arrives in Gorakhpur at 06:35 of the next morning. The rate is around Rs. 2440 in AC1, Rs. 1240 in AC2, Rs. 785 in AC3 or Rs. 315 in Sleeper class – check current schedules and rates at-
www.indianrail.gov.in or www.irctc.co.in/
Day 2: Now take a bus or jeep from Gorakhpur to the Nepalese border at Sunauli (Indian side) and Bhairawa (Nepalese side, often also called Sunauli). Travel time of approximately 3 hours, Rs. 55)
Walk along the border; then you will walk a few minutes to the bus station of Bhairawa. Take a bus or a jeep to Kathmandu. Buses take 9 to 12 hours, cost around 120 Nepalese rupees or 230 Indian rupees. There are many daily buses, either day buses that regularly leave until approximately 11:00 or night buses that usually go from approximately 4:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Indian rupees can be accepted here in Bhairawa, but not beyond in Nepal.
Risks while Trek to EBC
Risks in a high-altitude trek requires an adventurous attitude, but embarking on an adventurous journey without calculating the risks is absolute stupidity. That is why we have listed some risks and the response to minimize or address the risks in the best possible way. Altitude Before beginning the walk, it is essential to understand the implications of altitude on your body. Consider the symptoms of AMS (acute mountain sickness) such as mild headache, nausea and malaise. If you experience any of these symptoms, inform the leader of the walkabout the priority and follow his instructions.
The weather is unpredictable in the Himalayas. Although we are always attentive to climatic changes, nobody can guarantee a snowfall, rain or sun. You have to understand that your safety is of the utmost importance to us and that we will not move further from the camp if the weather is not favourable. The decision of Trek leaders and guides to continue or wait for the weather to improve will be final.
Injuries Often, when walking through steep terrain, you may suffer minor injuries, such as sprained legs, bruises, etc. Serious injuries such as fractures or significant cuts are sporadic. All of our Trek leaders are trained to handle emergencies and can address minor injuries with a well-equipped first aid kit.
Lack of communication devices in remote areas of the Himalayas, mobile networks do not reach. On a walk, one is isolated from the world of calls, SMS or WhatsApp. We depend on walkie-talkies and corridors to communicate between camps and base camps.
It would be best if you took with you, bandages and other strips, since even the smallest and most neglected blister or wound can turn a pleasant ride into something as painful as hell. Do not leave any blister or wound untreated, as there are high chances of infection. Duct tapes are also an excellent alternative to band-aids. And to enjoy the magnificent view of the mountain and the terrain, binoculars are essential. It would help you detect the most vibrant and exquisite views of nature in the form of flora and fauna.